Summary of JUZ -30
The recitation of the Qur’ân is completed in this 30 th Juz, which commences from Sûrah Naba , ending with Sûrah Nâs, the 114th and final Sûrah of the Qur’ân.
In Sûrah Naba (Sûrah Amma), Allâh says that the punishment of Jahannam has been prepared for those people who deny the truth of Islâm. When the trumpet is sounded for the Day of Qiyâmah, the skies will be divided into many roads through which people will pass in droves towards the Plain of Resurrection. The acts of every person will be disclosed and Allâh will decide the punishment or reward that every person will receive.
Sûrah Nâzi’ât follows Sûrah Naba with the message that people will regard their lives in this world to be a mere morning or evening when they face the torturously long Day of Qiyâmah. The severity of the bay of Qiyâmah will cause people’s heart to tremble. They will recall their acts in this world and will regret whatever they did because Jahannam will be shown to them.
In the subsequent Sûrahs, Allâh tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that people with wealth and authority are often beguiled by what they have and therefore do not accept good counsel.
On the other hand, poor people tend to accept more readily. Therefore, devote more attention to those who have greater fear for Allâh so that they may attain spiritual purity.
When Qiyâmah will take place, no one can be of any assistance to another, even though they may be brothers, parents, children or spouses. Every person will be too concerned about his own predicament to be worried about another. The faces of the Mu’minîn and the pious will be resplendent on that day, while the faces of the Kuffâr and sinners will be gloomy.
Allâh points out to people that they will have to tread the straight path to be saved from the anguish and suffering of the Day of Qiyâmah. On the Day of Qiyâmah, the sky will be rent asunder, bodies will rise from their graves, the stars will plummet down and the oceans will be ablaze. Every person will be confronted by his acts on the Plain of Resurrection when none will want to know another.
In Sûrah Mutaffifîn, Allâh condemns those who cheat when weighing and measuring, and warns them of a terrible punishment.
Allâh cautions mankind to beware of the day when they will all rise from their graves and stand before Allâh to account for every act. On that day, it will be the Mu’minîn who will laugh at the Kuffâr who scoffed at them in this world.
The sky will be cleaved open when the trumpet is sounded and corpses will be flung from their graves. Whereas the pious shall be quickly relieved of the formalities of the Day of Qiyâmah, the sinful ones will be flung into the fire of Jahannam. These were the people who thought that they will never be returned to Allâh.
Allâh says further that those who harass believing men and women without repenting afterwards shall suffer a terrible torment in the Âkhirâh.
Allâh also mentions that the Qur’ân is a lofty book that is preserved in the Lawhul Mahfûdh. The Qur’ân distinguishes between right and wrong and those who still adamantly adhere to the wrong shall be granted only a little respite.
Allâh commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to glorify His praises and assures him that he will never forget the Qur’ân. Allâh further instructs Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to continue propagating the Dîn for Allâh shall open up avenues of ease for him.
Allâh urges people to ponder over Allâh’s creation so that they may recognise Him. Allâh says, “Have they not looked how the camel is created? And how the sky has been elevated? And how the mountains have been rooted? And how the earth has been levelled?” (Sûrah Ghâshiya, verses 17 to 20)
All these signs are for people to take heed before they are taken to task on the Day of Qiyâmah. Allâh admonishes man for his excessive preoccupation with material wealth because it leads him to abuse inheritance and to refuse help to the poor and orphans.
However, Allâh has granted man the capacity to do good and to refrain from evil. Therefore, whoever purifies his soul will be successful, while those who are negligent of this will suffer permanent loss.
Allâh advises people to spend their wealth only for His pleasure and with no other motives. None should be proud about being able to do good because only Allâh grants people the ability to lend a helping hand to the needy.
Allâh assures Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that Allâh will soon confer on him a bounty that will please him and that he should never feel that Allâh has forsaken him because Allâh has always been there for him.
Allâh has illuminated his heart, alleviated his worries and elevated his name.
Allâh consoles Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam (as well as all Muslims at large) that ease always follows hardship. Therefore, a person’s attention should always focus on Allâh.
Allâh is pleased with the righteous and they are pleased with Him because they are the best of Allâh’s creation. As for the evildoers, they are the worst of Allâh’s creation.
On the Day of Qiyâmah, Allâh will be so just that even a good act the size of an atom will be rewarded and a sin just as small will also not pass unnoticed.
Allâh says that man acknowledges that he has an ungrateful nature, but his intense love for wealth does not permit him to mend his ways. Allâh reminds mankind to be mindful of the Day of Qiyâmah because they can never fathom the flaming inferno of Jahannam.
Man is reminded that he will have to answer for the wealth that he possesses, which makes him negligent of his duties in this world. Besides the righteous Mu’minîn, the rest of mankind is at a loss.
Allâh warns man that every tale‑carrier and miser is destined for Jahannam.
In Sûrah Fîl, Allâh illustrates how He used little birds with pebbles to destroy the army of elephants that Abraham brought to demolish the Ka’bah.
In the next Sûrah, Allâh tells the Quraysh that they should worship He only because it was Him who made their city a sanctuary of peace.
In Sûrah Ma’ûn, Allâh condemns those who rebuke orphans and the poor and who are vain and miserly. These are the ones who remain negligent of the Salâh.
Allâh consoles Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam by telling him not to let the taunts of a certain Kâfir affect him because it will be the very same wretch who will be without progeny and will be nameless in history.
Allâh urges Rasulullâh ft to continue performing Salâh and offering sacrifices because Allâh shall soon award him with the pond of Kawthar as a gift in the Âkhirâh.
In Sûrah Kâfirûn, Allâh clearly distinguishes between the Mu’minîn and the Kuffâr so that the one is not confused for the other.
Allâh makes mention of the culmination of Rasulullâh’s Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam duty in Sûrah Nasr and commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to engage in excessive glorification and praise of Allâh.
Sûrah Lahab curses Abu Lahab and his wife because the couple harmed Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam, immensely.
Sûrah Ikhlâs declares, “Say, ‘He is Allâh, the One. Allâh is Independent. He is neither the child of anyone nor has He any children. There is none comparable to Him.
Sûrah Falaq is an invocation to Allâh for His protection and makes reference to the witchcraft that was intended to harm Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam.
Finally, Sûrah Nâs invokes Allâh’s protection against Shaytân’s instigation and traps.