Summary of JUZ-4
This summary, of the fourth Juz commences at Sûrah Al Imran ayah 92 n concludes at ayah 23 of Surah An Nisaa.
Piety can be attained if you spend in Allah’s cause.
Prophet Abraham followed islamic monotheism.he worshiped Allah alone.
Hajj ( pilgrimage to Makka) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah. Whosoever denies hajj, to Makka then he is a disbeliever of Allah.
Allah says in ayat 98 o people of scripture (jews n christians) why do you reject ayat of Allah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc) .
Ayah 118 Al Imran, Allah says, o you whi believe take not as your Bitanah ( advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends etc) those outside your religion Emaan and Islamic monotheisn ( pagans, jews, christians and hypocrites)
This part of Sûrah Âl
Imrân discusses both the Battle of Badr as well as the Battle of Uhud.
During the Battle of Badr the Muslims were only 313 in number and did not even have sufficient arms to fight with. On the other hand, the Mushrikîn were over a thousand and were armed to the teeth.
However, Allâh sent thousands of angels to assist the Muslim army and they convincingly vanquished the enemy. This battle was the first battle that the Muslims fought.
To avenge their defeat at Badr, the Mushrikîn of Makkah mustered large force to attack Madinah the following year. The two armies locked in combat near Mount Uhud.
The Muslims were on the brink of victory when a dispute between some Muslims resulted in their defeat.
Instead of remaining at their posts as instructed by Prophet Muhammad, they left their posts to gather the booty.
As a result of this, victory was turned into bitter defeat and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam sustained a serious injury to his face.
The Munâfiqîn [hypocrites] also plotted against the Muslims and made every effort to cause discord within the ranks of the Muslims.
In part of Sûrah Nisâ, Allâh points out the weaknesses of the Muslims and provides corrective measures to remedy them.
Allâh also mentions the people who misinterpret the verses of the Qur’ân to meet their own ends. Such people are warned about a terrible punishment from Allâh.
Allâh also forbids the Mu’minîn from taking the Kuffâr as their confidantes.
Allâh emphatically prohibits false oaths and miserliness. Allâh also declares that a person’s family and wealth are tests for him and should not be regarded as the criteria for salvation.
Salvation can be attained only by developing Taqwa. The Mu’min sincerely believes in the Qur’ân, begs Allâh for his needs in all sincerity and does not seek payment from people for reciting the Qur’ân.
The rewards for the pious Mu’minîn are secure with their Rabb in the Âkhirâh, where they will definitely receive it.
Allâh exhorts the Mu’minîn to remain steadfast on the battlefield when confronted by the enemy and not to falter in their tracks. Allâh also praises the gentle temperament and excellent character of Rasulullâh towards all humanity.
The following guidance for social reformation is given:
1. Allâh strictly prohibits unlawful earnings and extorting money and property from others. For example, Allâh enjoins people to fully restore the wealth and property belonging to orphans. Allâh also cautions the guardians of orphans against substituting the good possessions of the orphans with their inferior ones.
2. Allâh makes it clear that a man is limited to only four wives at a time. Allâh also tells man that he should rather have only one wife if he fears that he would be unable to deal justly with them all. Due and amicable payment of dowry is emphasised in this Sûrah along with the specific shares of inheritance that heirs are to receive. Of course, Allâh clarifies that the settlement of debts is of paramount importance before dissolving any estate.
3. To purge society of the filth of adultery and fornication, Allâh has ordained that when four upright persons testify to witnessing any of these acts, those found guilty must be severely punished. Allâh also emphasises the importance of Taubah [repentance], which will be accepted only when it is sincerely done before a person’s dying moments
4. In Surah Nisa Allah has set limits and laws of inheritance, division of inheritance, settlement of mahr n monies or wealth a wife brings at the time of marriage. Men have a duty to repay her if they intend to divorce or take another woman as wife. It is sin if a man withholds a wifes gold, great amount, mahr or any other assets or uses it for other marraiges.
5. Allah has forbidden marraiges to mothers, daughters, sisters, fathers sisters or mothers sisters , brothers daughters or foster mother n her children in Ayat 23 surah Nisa.
In Surah Nisa Allah has set rules, laws and guidelines for men and women.