Summary of Juz 28
The 28th Juz includes Sûrahs Mujâdalah, Hashar, Mumtahina, Saff, Jumu’ah, Munâfiqûn, Taghâbun, Talâq and Tahrîm.
Mujâdalah begins this Juz. Allâh states that it is foolish for any person to refer to his wife as his mother (as a method of separating from her).
If a man does this, it will be Harâm for him to cohabit with his wife until he pays the required Kafâra.
The Kafâra is that he frees a slave (male or female), fasts for two consecutive months or feeds sixty poor people.
Thereafter, Allâh teaches the etiquette of gatherings and warns people against hosting secret meetings to plot against Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam or to commit other sins. Allâh says that such meetings are among the acts of Shaytân.
In Sûrah Hashar thereafter, Allâh states that the true Mu’minîn are those people who assist the Muslims who migrate for Allâh and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam.
They are people who do not close their hearts despite living in difficult circumstances. Rather, they give preference to others above themselves.
The Munâfiqîn are completely different because they display the traits of Shaytân.
They encourage people to commit evil acts and then excuse themselves saying that they have nothing to do with these people.
Allâh urges people to heed the advice of the Qur’ân, which is so mighty that it can crush mountains under its weight.
Sûrah Mumtahina begins after Sûrah Hashar. Allâh tells the Mu’minîn in this Sûrah that they should terminate all secretive contact with the Kuffâr after migrating to Madinah. The Kuffâr are enemies to the Muslims and will never be their allies.
A Muslim can never trust a kâfir because the ambition of the kâfir is to convert the Muslim into a kâfir like himself/ herself.
Allâh also states that the faith of a woman should be tested when she migrates to the Muslims. She must be allowed to remain among the Muslims if she is found to be sincere.
Addressing the Mu’minîn in Sûrah Saff, Allâh admonishes them for claiming to do things that they have not done. This is an extremely serious crime in Allâh’s sight. Allâh loves those Mu’minîn who stand together like a fortified wall when facing the enemy in Jihâd.
Allâh then quotes Hadhrat Îsa who prophesised the advent of Rasulullâh to the Bani Isrâ’îl, referring to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam as “Ahmed”.
Allâh ends the Sûrah by assuring the Mu’minîn that the Kuffâr will never be able to extinguish Allâh’s light and that Allâh will definitely grant them victory over their enemies.
In Sûrah Jumu’ah, Allâh explicitly states, “0 you who believe! When you are called for Salâh on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), then hasten towards Allâh’s remembrance and leave all trade. This is best for you if you only knew. Thereafter, when the Salâh has been completed, then spread out on earth and seek from Allâh’s bounty (sustenance) and remember Allâh in abundance so that you may succeed” (verses 9 and 10).
The concluding verse of the Sûrah states: “Allâh is the Best Sustainer”.
Allâh addresses Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in Sûrah Munafiqûn, warning him to beware of them. Allâh says that the words and acts of the Munâfiqîn contradict their thoughts and feelings. They falsely take solemn oaths in Allâh’s name whereas they are devoid of Imân.
In Sûrah Taghâbun, Allâh states that only He created everyone. Allâh made some people Kuffâr and made others Mu’minîn with wealth and children as tests for them.
Allâh will forgive those people who are rightly guided.
Allâh mentions in Sûrah Talâq that husbands should divorce their wives only when the wives are not menstruating.
The Iddah should be meticulously observed and it will be regarded as an act of immorality if a woman has to emerge from her home during the Iddah. The Iddah of a non‑menstruating divorcee is three months, while the Iddah of a pregnant divorcee will terminate as soon as she delivers.
The husband will have to maintain his pregnant wife after the divorce until she delivers his child.
Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in Sûrah Tahrîm, Allâh tells him not to forsake Allâh’s bounties for the sake of his ‘wives. Allâh also tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that he should pay the Kafâra to be absolved from his vow. Allâh cautions that any person who wishes to oppose Rasulullâh will have to face the resistance of Allâh, Hadhrat Jibra’îl and all the pious Muslims at large.
Highlighting the fact that Imân is a gift from Allâh that a person does not attain by simply associating with pious people, Allâh speaks about the wives of Hadhrat Nûh and Hadhrat Lût both of whom died as Kuffâr. On the other hand, the wife of Fir’aun passed away as a Mu’mina.